[14] Jeremy Denk points out that Beethoven "whittles away everything down to the absolute difference of the two movements", "an Allegro and an Adagio, two opposed poles", and suggests that "as with the greatest Beethoven pieces, the structure itself becomes a message".[9]. It came after a period of reduced compositional activity at a time when he was struggling between experimental and traditional compositional forms and when increasing deafness meant that he could no … 106 "Hammerklavier": IV. Bizet, Tchaikovsky, Offenbach, Rossini, Tchaikovsky… and Santa Claus! Wendell Kretschmar, the town organist and music teacher, delivers a lecture on the sonata to a bemused audience, in the fictional town of Kaisersaschern on the Saale, playing the piece on an old piano while declaiming his lecture over the music: He sat on his revolving stool,... and in a few words brought to an end his lecture on why Beethoven had not written a third movement to op. 3 - Martha Argerich, Beethoven - Piano Concerto No. 29 ''Sonata Etere'' Op. BBCL 4241-2; CD). the Große Sonate für das Hammerklavier, or more simply as Hammerklavier, is widely considered to be one of the most important works of the composer's third period and one of the great piano sonatas. Beethoven’s Piano Sonata No. 269 scores found for "Piano Sonata No.29" Details. Piano Sonata no. 20 in G major, Op. Piano Sonata No. Stream ad-free or purchase CD's and MP3s now on Amazon.com. 106 'Hammerklavier': I. Allegro door Daniel Barenboim op je telefoon, computer en geluidsinstallatie thuis met Napster. 2, Beethoven ends this movement with a Picardy third that directly prepares the major-mode finale. Artur Schnabel (1882-1951), piano. Largo - Fuga. 29 "Hammerklavier" Piano Rating: 4.56 out of 5 based on 9 reviews. It was dedicated to his friend, pupil, and patron, Archduke Rudolf. Price: GBP 12.00 . Ludwig van Beethoven's Piano Sonata No. $19.99 - See more - … 14, No. 106 (known as the Hammerklavier) is a piano sonata that is widely viewed as one of the most important works of the composer’s third period and among the greatest piano sonatas of all time. This moment is also prepared by the inclusion of the minor-mode inflected flattened sixth (F♭) at the corresponding point in the exposition's closing theme. Piano Sonata No. 13, and that what should have been used as the theme with the adagio—a slow melody in A♭—was abandoned. Genre: Klassiek. Details. 29 in B-Flat Major, Op. [3] Moreover, the study of these draft books implies that Beethoven initially had plans for a sonata in three movements, quite different from that which we know: it is only thereafter that the initial theme of the first movement became that of the String Quartet No. Beethoven: Piano Sonata No.29 in B-flat Major Op.106 Analysis. The recordings happen from 1992 to 2003 and in different studios, no doubt with different pianos. 106 . 1. The last two variations (Var. 106 (known as the Große Sonate für das Hammerklavier, or more simply as the Hammerklavier) is a piano sonata widely considered to be one of the most important works of the composer's third period and among one of the great piano sonatas. A new approach? Overall, the first movement contains motivic similarities with Mozart's Adagio and Fugue in C minor, which Beethoven arranged for a string quartet (Hess 37). Completed in 1818, it is often considered to be Ludwig van Beethoven ‘s most technically challenging piano composition and one of the most demanding solo … 111, is the last of Ludwig van Beethoven's piano sonatas. "[11] John Lill sees Beethoven's struggle that permeates the first movement as physically challenging pianists performing this work; even in the opening of the sonata, for instance, there is a downward leap of a seventh in the left hand – Beethoven is making his pianists physically struggle to reach the notes. 29 in B-Flat Major, Op. Media in category "Piano Sonata No. A list of BBC audio related to "Piano Sonata No. Koop 'Beethoven: Piano Sonata No. 29; Sonata clavili 29 in B♭ maiore, op. 6, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Piano_Sonata_No._32_(Beethoven)&oldid=999513260, Articles with unsourced statements from March 2011, Articles with unsourced statements from March 2013, Articles with International Music Score Library Project links, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz work identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WorldCat-LCCN identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Maestoso – Allegro con brio ed appassionato, Arietta: Adagio molto semplice e cantabile, This page was last edited on 10 January 2021, at 15:51. 109, 110 and 111) during the summer of 1820, while he worked on his Missa solemnis. Piano Sonata No.29 In B-Flat Major Op.106. However, according to Robert Greenberg, this may have just as easily been the composer's prickly personality shining through, since the balance between the two movements is such that it obviates the need for a third. 81a); it was composed during 1804 and 1805, and perhaps 1806, and was dedicated to Count Franz von Brunswick. 9 in E major, Op. Mitsuko Uchida has remarked that this variation, to a modern ear, has a striking resemblance to cheerful boogie-woogie,[citation needed] and the closeness of it to jazz and ragtime, which were still over 70 years into the future at the time, has often been pointed out. Beethoven Op. 49 No. [4] The Arietta, too, offers a considerable amount of research on its themes; the drafts found for this movement seem to indicate that as the second movement took form, Beethoven gave up the idea of a third movement, the sonata finally appearing to him as ideal. [1], In his technical musical excurses, Mann borrowed extensively from Theodor Adorno's Philosophy of Modern Music [de] (and Adorno indeed played this particular opus for Mann), to the extent that some critics consider him as the novel's tacit co-author. 29 (Beethoven)" The following 14 files are in this category, out of 14 total. Kom te weten op welk radiozender je Beethoven (Andras Schiff) - Piano Sonata No.29 in B-dur/ Op.106 'Hammerklavier' - I. Allegro kan horen The second movement is marked as an arietta with variations. 29 in B-Flat Major, Op. Koop 'Beethoven: Piano Sonata No. The final movement, in C major, is a set of five variations on a 16-bar theme in 916, with a final coda. Adagio sostenuto - Appassionato e con molto sentimento door Wilhelm Kempff op je telefoon, computer en geluidsinstallatie thuis met Napster. 29 in B-Flat Major, Op. Sonata Etere is characterized by bimodal/bitonal effects, fixed, continually varied rhythmic patterns, and shifts of accent. 29 In B-Flat Major, Op. Unlike Beethoven's other C minor sonata-form movements, the exposition of this movement moves to the submediant (A♭ major), not to the mediant, as its second key area. [8] The simplified time signatures (616 for 1832 and 1232 for 3664; both implying unmarked triplets) support this. Piano Sonata no. 29 'Hammerklavier'; Piano Sonata No. 119 (1822) and Op. Sonata; Sonato por piano n-ro 29; Sonata per a piano núm. Piano. 10:52 PREVIEW Piano Sonata No. 29 in B-Flat Major, Op. Piano Sonata No. Only the motif planned for the third movement, the famous theme mentioned above, was preserved to become that of the first movement. Similar items. The work is one of the most famous compositions of the composer's "late period" and is widely performed and recorded. 5 No. This page lists all recordings of Piano Sonata No. 1. 3; Bagatelles; Piano Sonata No. In a move that mirrors the Piano Sonata, Op. Koop 'Beethoven: Piano Sonata No. Scherzo: Assai vivace 12:02III. 29 in B-flat major, composed in 1819, about 17 years after opus 22. When I looked up to confirm what I was told, I found out the story was even more amazing. 106 Beethoven's 29th sonata, Op. Daniel Barenboim (Piano) Program. 106 Hammerklavier. 106 "Hammerklavier": II. Speel volledige nummers van Beethoven: Piano Sonata No. 29 in B-Flat Major, Op. 31 - Rudolf Serkin on AllMusic - 2008 - The playing of pianist Rudolf Serkin often… [12] Alfred Brendel commented of the second movement that "what is to be expressed here is distilled experience" and "perhaps nowhere else in piano literature does mystical experience feel so immediately close at hand". Beethoven Op. 29 "Hammerklavier" van Friedrich Gulda' MP3 download online 7digital Nederland - Ruim 25 miljoen tracks van hoge kwaliteit in onze winkel A comparison of the two pieces gives a dramatic illustration of how Beethoven's piano-writing developed in the 11 years that intervened between the two sonatas. 30. 29 "Hammerklavier". 29 in E flat major, Hob.XVI:45 by Franz Joseph Haydn (1732-1809). 29 in B flat major, Op. 4 in C minor, Op. Sonata in C minor, Opus 111, No. Ludwig van Beethoven's Piano Sonata No. 30 in E major, Op. Piano Sonata No. Introduction: Largo - Allegro - Prestissimo, Allegro Risoluto) Rhythmically visionary and technically demanding, it is one of the most discussed of Beethoven's works. Munktell: Violin Sonata, Op. [13], Asked by Anton Schindler why the work has only two movements (this was unusual for a classical sonata but not unique among Beethoven's works for piano), the composer is said to have replied "I didn't have the time to write a third movement." 1 - Yuja Wang, Beethoven - Piano Sonata No. Barenboim (21 minutes), Afanassiev (22 minutes) and Ugorski (27 minutes). The Piano Sonata No. 29, subtitled D’après des vieux cahiers, or After Old Notebooks, was composed in 1917 and premiered on April … 1 – Sviatoslav Richter. Speel volledige nummers van Beethoven: Piano Sonata No. Completed in 1818, it is often considered to be Ludwig van Beethoven‘s most technically challenging piano composition and one of the most demanding solo works in the classical piano repertoire. 106 'Hammerklavier' by Ludwig van Beethoven (1770-1827). Largo, Prestissimo, Allegro Risoluto 10:44: 4 Songs, 35 Minutes Released: Nov 3, 2014 ℗ 2014 Piano Time; Also Available in iTunes More By Piano Time See All. 21, 10 Mélodies & Kleines Trio Tobias Ringborg, Sofie Asplund, Kristina Winiarski, Peter Friis Johansson Genre: Classical Classical The first movement, like many other works by Beethoven in C minor, is stormy and impassioned—the tempo markings may be translated, respectively, as "majestic" and "brisk, with vigor and passion". Scherzo. Piano Sonata No. 1 - Martha Argerich, Beethoven - Piano Concerto No. Browse: Haydn - Piano Sonata No. 29 in B flat major, op. 7, Precipitato – Argerich, Piano, Stravinsky – Trois Mouvements de Petrouchka – Sokolov, Piano, Mozart – Piano Concerto No. 106 (known as the Große Sonate für das Hammerklavier, or more simply as the Hammerklavier) is a piano sonata widely viewed as one of the most important works of the composer's third period and among the greatest piano sonatas. [9] Conversely, András Schiff denounces that hypothesis, maintaining that it has nothing to do with jazz or anything of the sort. 29 in B-Flat Major, Op. Beethoven conceived of the plan for his final three piano sonatas (Op. 106 Piano Bladmuziek. Piano Sonata No. 126 (1823)—the sonata was one of Beethoven's last compositions for piano. Chopin greatly admired this sonata. 111 – Bagatella su Beethoven, which is a blend of themes from this sonata and Dmitri Shostakovich's musical monogram DSCH. 32", "Beethoven Piano Sonata, Op. Adagio Sostenuto 4. 106. Ludwig van Beethoven's Piano Sonata No. A detailed guide that analyzes the structural, harmonic and thematic frame. Beethoven. 29 in B-Flat Major, Op. Adagio sostenuto. Assai vivace III. Beethoven: Piano Sonata No.29 in B-flat Major Op.106 Analysis. The sonata consists of only two contrasting movements. And when he said 'the sonata', he meant not only this one in C minor, but the sonata in general, as a species, as traditional art-form; it itself was here at an end, brought to its end, it had fulfilled its destiny, resolved itself, it took leave – the gesture of farewell of the D G G motif, consoled by the C sharp, was a leave-taking in this sense too, great as the whole piece itself, the farewell of the sonata form. I. Allegro 11:30 2. 106, a.k.a. It was dedicated to his friend, pupil, and patron, Archduke Rudolf. Largo - Intermezzo. 29 in E flat major, Hob.XVI:45 This page lists all recordings of Piano Sonata No. Recorded circa 1935; a collaboration between the Beethoven Sonata Society and HMV. 29 in B-Flat Major, Op. 32 in C minor, Op. Within Op. 106 bladmuziek van Ludwig van Beethoven staat hieronder. 1. En, natuurlijk, het is het moeilijkst van de 32 Beethovens sonates, en de langste! Allegro risoluto - Fuga Scherzo - Assai Vivace 3. 32 in C minor, Op. Ludwig van Beethoven's Piano Sonata No. The sonata was long time forgotten but it was recently republished IMSLP Score Piano_Sonata_No.1,_Op.7_(Czerny,_Carl) and recorded Czerny op 7 - part 5 Fugue. Genres: Romanticism. In 2009, the Italian composer Lorenzo Ferrero wrote a composition for piano solo entitled Op. Beethoven eventually introduces a trill which gives the impression of a further acceleration. The Piano Sonata No. [1][2] The work entered the repertoire of leading pianists only in the second half of the 19th century. It abounds in diminished seventh chords, as in for instance the first full bar of its opening introduction, which may have provided the inspiration for the introduction of Chopin's Second Piano Sonata:[7]. Adagio sostenuto, appassionato e con molto sentimento (Live) 106 Beethoven's 29th sonata, Op. In four movements: Allegro, Scherzo (Assai vivace) - Presto, Adagio sostenuto, Largo - Allegro risoluto. Allegro 2. 106 "Hammerklavier": III. Both the opus 22 sonata and the Hammerklavier are included on this 1994 CD by Jeno Jando as part of his complete cycle of the Beethoven sonatas. 106, a.k.a. 106 "Große Sonate für das Hammerklavier": IV. 29 in B-Flat Major, Op. 23 in F minor, Op. Details about Emil Gilels, Piano: Beethoven Piano Sonata No 29 in B Flat Major, Op.106 See original listing. 106, Beethoven returns to a smaller scale and a more intimate character.It is dedicated to Maximiliane Brentano, the daughter of Beethoven's long-standing friend Antonie Brentano, for whom Beethoven had already … Like other late period sonatas, it contains fugal elements. The quiet second theme bears a resemblance to the second theme in the final movement of the fourteenth piano sonata, made even more explicit in the recapitulation where this theme is restated ominously in the bass in minor mode, after initially appearing in C major. By Ludwig van Beethoven. A detailed guide that analyzes the structural, harmonic and thematic frame. 29 in B-Flat Major, Op. Showing 1 - … Ludwig van Beethoven's Piano Sonata No. Wij hebben 1 arrangement voor Piano Sonata No. Share. 28 - Hélène Grimaud, Beethoven - Piano Concerto No. 29 In B-Flat Major, Op. 29 in Bb 'Hammerklavier', Op. Allegro risoluto - Fuga a 3 voci, con alcune licenze III. 29 in B-Flat Major, Op. The work is referenced in chapter 8 of Thomas Mann's novel Doktor Faustus. 29 in Bes-majeur, op. 110 the tone is very different even from movement to movement, like they changed studios, pianos and/or microphone placement within this single sonata. 4 and 5) are famous for introducing small notes which constantly divide the bar into 27 beats, which is very uncommon. Beethoven: Piano Sonata No. There are a few recordings that take more than 20 minutes for the second movement, e.g. 29 in B-flat major, Op. [10] From the fourth variation onwards the time signature returns to the original 916 but divided into constant triplet thirty-second notes, effectively creating a doubly compound meter (equivalent to 2732). 129 by Geirr Tveitt is Tveitt's only surviving piano sonata. 106 "Große Sonate für das Hammerklavier": IV. My piano teacher told me about the story of Ludwig van Beethoven's creation of his biggest Piano Sonata the "Hammerklavier." A third movement? 29 in B-Flat Major, Op. Check out Beethoven: Piano Sonata No. Piano Sonata No. The Piano Sonata No. 29 in B-flat, Opus 106 "Hammerklavier"l. AllegroII. 269 scores found for "Piano Sonata No.29" ALL INSTRUMENTATIONS Piano solo (240) Violin and Piano (52) Flute and Piano (49) Cello, Piano (38) Clarinet and Piano (21) Viola, Piano (19) Trombone and Piano (9) Harpsichord (9) Bassoon, Piano (duet) (9) Alto Saxophone (8) Oboe, Piano (duet) (8) Piano Trio: piano, violin, cel… Released 1 September 2008 on BBC Legends (catalog no. 49, Sonata in D major for piano four-hands, Op. 29 "Hammerklavier" Piano Ik ben overweldigd en diep onder de indruk Find album reviews, stream songs, credits and award information for Beethoven: Piano Sonata No. Sonata No. 106 -"Hammerklavier" by Emil Gilels on Amazon Music. 106 - Brahms Op. Emil Gilels, Piano: Beethoven Piano Sonata No 29 in B Flat Major, Op.106 : Condition: Used. Beethoven's "Hammerklavier" Sonata may have its percussive moments, but this title is simply the German word for pianoforte. The pianist Robert Taub has called it "a work of unmatched drama and transcendence ... the triumph of order over chaos, of optimism over anguish. Stream songs including "Piano Sonata No. 29 "Hammerklavier" Taal: Origineel; Nederlands; Pianosonate nr. A return after this parting – impossible! 31, a classical music Album by Rudolf Serkin. The work was written between 1821 and 1822. 129 by Geirr Tveitt is Tveitt's only surviving piano sonata.The piece, though met with disdain by critics upon its publication in the early 1950s, has attained a prominent place among Norwegian piano sonatas.. Sonata Etere is characterized by bimodal/bitonal effects, fixed, continually varied rhythmic patterns, and shifts of accent. Ludwig van Beethoven's Piano Sonata No. 106 'Hammerklavier' by Ludwig van Beethoven (1770-1827). 29 in B flat, Op. 120 (1823) and his two collections of bagatelles—Op. Scherzo" and more. 106 'Hammerklavier': IV. Tracklist: Piano Sonata No. The tempo marking may be translated "slowly, very simple and songlike.". This page lists all recordings of Piano Sonata No. Details. 29 in B-Flat Major, Op. Download partituren gratis. Piano Sonata No. However, in performance, the theme and first variation sound much slower, with wide spaces between the chords, and the second variation (and much more so, the third variation) faster, because of the shorter note values that create a doubling (and redoubling) of the effective compound time groupings. 1 - Anfangstakte.png 666 × 696; 116 KB Largo - Intermezzo. Sonatas for Pianoforte and Violin (Volume II) Violin and Piano Barenreiter. Although the work was only seriously outlined by 1819, the famous first theme of the allegro ed appassionato was found in a draft book dating from 1801–1802, contemporary to his Second Symphony. Largo - Intermezzo. 29 in B-flat major, Op. Introduzione. 1 - Anfangstakte.png 666 × 696; 116 KB 29 "Hammerklavier" Piano 5 Felipe Tomazoni da Silva 2011-12-13 „ Dit is niet mijn favoriet, maar natuurlijk, de Hammerklavier is een van de records! Beethoven: Piano Sonata No 29 in B flat, Op 106, 'Hammerklavier' Record Review Podcast Katy Hamilton recommends recordings of Beethoven's Piano Sonata No 29 in B flat, Op 106, 'Hammerklavier' 106: II. 111, is the last of Ludwig van Beethoven's piano sonatas. Speel volledige nummers van Piano Sonata No. 57 (colloquially known as the Appassionata, meaning "passionate" in Italian) is among the three famous piano sonatas of his middle period (the others being the Waldstein, Op. Nearly ignored by contemporaries, it was not until the second half of the 19th century that it found its way into the repertoire of most leading pianists.[6]. Ended: Dec 13, 2020. Details. The Piano Sonata No. 29 in B-Flat Major, Op. 29 in B-Flat Major, Op. The second work is the monumental "Hammerklavier" sonata, no. 29 ''Sonata Etere'' Op. 29 in B-flat major, Op. Allegro risoluto door Daniel Barenboim op je telefoon, computer en geluidsinstallatie thuis met Napster. Scherzo - Assai Vivace 3. 29 in B flat major ("Hammerklavier"), Op. 106, Hammerklavier Beethoven took a long time to compose his Piano Sonata no. 106, is een pianosonate van Ludwig van Beethoven. We had only needed, he said, to hear the piece to answer the question ourselves. Listen to Beethoven: Piano Sonata No. Like other late period sonatas, it contains fugal elements. 13 – Martha Argerich, Piano, Prokofiev – Sonata No. 29 in Bb 'Hammerklavier', Op. – Yuja Wang, Sonata No. The first documented public performance was in 1836 by Franz Liszt in the Salle Erard in Paris. 13 (Chopin) – Yuja Wang, Piano, Falla – La Vida Breve, Spanish Dance – Bream & Williams, Guitar, Schubert – Impromptu Op 90 No 2 in E-Flat Major – Kobayashi, Piano, Happy Birthday Martha Argerich! [5], Along with Beethoven's 33 Variations on a waltz by Anton Diabelli, Op. Over Piano Sonata No. The influence is particularly strong in the passages outlining Kretschmar's lectures. 29 (Beethoven)". To English speakers, the term "Hammerklavier" suggests pounding at the keyboard. 29 "Hammerklavier" van Friedrich Gulda' MP3 download online 7digital België - Ruim 25 miljoen tracks van hoge kwaliteit in onze winkel 1, and the Cello Sonata, Op. [citation needed] In two of his works, the Second Piano Sonata and the Revolutionary Étude, he alluded to the opening and ending of the sonata's first movement, respectively[15] (compare the opening bars of the two sonatas, and bars 77–81 of Chopin's Étude with bars 150–152 in the first movement of Beethoven's sonata). The third variation has a powerful, stomping, dance-like character with falling swung sixty-fourth notes, and heavy syncopation. Piano Sonata No. 1, is an early-period work by Ludwig van Beethoven, dedicated to Baroness Josefa von Braun, one of his patrons at that time.It was composed in 1798 and arranged for string quartet by the composer in 1801 (Hess 34), the result containing more quartet-like passagework and in the more comfortable key of F major 111. 29 in B-flat Major, Op. – Happy Music Note. Ludwig van BeethovenPiano Sonata No. 28 - Martha Argerich, Nocturne No. Wilt u de bladmuziek bekijken, klik dan op de voorbeeldknop naast de … 106 'Hammerklavier': I. Allegro door Artur Schnabel op je telefoon, computer en geluidsinstallatie thuis met Napster. Introduzione. 4 - Hélène Grimaud, Beethoven - Piano Sonata No. 109, composed in 1820, is the antepenultimate of his piano sonatas.In it, after the huge Hammerklavier Sonata, Op. Introduction: Largo - Allegro - Prestissimo, Allegro Risoluto) 106 Hammerklavier by Grigory Sokolov on Apple Music. Assai vivace 03:08 3. the Große Sonate für das Hammerklavier, or more simply as Hammerklavier, is widely considered to be one of the most important works of the composer's third period and one of the great piano sonatas. Prokofiev based the structure of his Symphony No. 29 in B-flat major, Op. 106 "Hammerklavier" III. 29 in B-Flat Major, Op. Royalty free stock music track for video production, commercial, personal use Ludwig van Beethoven: Piano Sonata No. Allegro 2. 29 (the Hammerklavier ) between summer 1817 and autumn 1818. Piano Sonata No. 29 in B Flat Major (Hammerklavier-Sonate) Ludwig van Beethoven (Composer), Emil Gilels (Performer) Format: Audio CD 4.2 out of 5 stars 2 ratings 106; Hammerklavier; Große Sonate für das Hammerklavier; Pianosonate nr. Stephen Johnson explores Beethoven's piano sonata, the Hammerklavier, Op. Adagio sostenuto 14:45IV. Ludwig van Beethoven (1770 - 1827) Piano Sonata No.29 in B-flat major, Op.106 ("Hammerklavier") I. Allegro II. 106 (known as the Große Sonate für das Hammerklavier, or more simply as the Hammerklavier) is a piano sonata that is widely viewed as one of the most important works of the composer's third period and among the greatest piano sonatas of all time. 29 in B-Flat Major, Op. 19 in G minor and No. 106: I. Allegro. The piece, though met with disdain by critics upon its publication in the early 1950s, has attained a prominent place among Norwegian piano sonatas. Czerny probably got the idea of an instrumental Sonata ending with a fugue from Beethovens close friend Ferdinand Ries. Piano Sonata No.3 Op.2 is een CD (ALBUM) van Ludwig Van Beethoven. The work takes approximately 30 minutes to … BEETHOVEN/HAMMERKLAVIERSONATE Ludwig van Beethoven's Piano Sonata No. 106, "Hammerklavier" - Liszt: Années de pèlerinage, Book 1 van Andreas Haefliger' MP3 download online 7digital Nederland - Ruim 25 miljoen tracks van hoge kwaliteit in onze winkel Featured peformers: Rudolf Serkin (piano). 106 'Hammerklavier': IV. Liszt – Grand Galop Chromatique – Buniatishvili, Piano, Chopin – Nocturne No. 106 (Beethoven) Name Aliases Piano Sonata No. Appassionato e con molto sentimento 23:42 4. The A♭ major closing theme of the exposition, based on the first motif of the first theme, initiates a chromatic descent to its dominant with the motif A♭–C–G – and the same motif appears in the theme's restatement in the recapitulation, this time at the culmination of the chromatic descent instead of at the beginning.